The recurrence of mesothelioma cancer is one of the most dreaded fears in patients
If mesothelioma does return it has become active again in the body after a duration of dormancy. Recurrence can happen quickly, i.e. over weeks or months, or it sometimes can take a little longer and can reccur within a year or 2.
Recurrent cancers start with abnormal cells that start to grow and multiply at a quick rate – in a similar way to the original cancer – hence -the recurrent tumours grow from cells that originated from the existing cancer. This occurs when – the cells were either left behind after completed treatment, or they separated from the primary tumour and travelled through the lymphatic system or blood stream.
Several types of cancers are diverse in their potentiality to recur and the locality they reappear. If the cancer returns in the exact location where it previously occurred – it is referred to as ‘local recurrence’. Local recurrence also means that the cancer is isolated to that particular area and not spread to further tissues throughout the body, whereas – cancer that directly involves new cells in surrounding lymph nodes or local tissues is referred to as ‘regional recurrence’. If cancer is found in other organs or tissues and distant from the original site then this is known as ‘metastatic recurrence’.
Where is mesothelioma most likely to recur?
Mesothelioma seems to recur in the area that it originated in. It sometimes has a tendency to reappear in old wound sites – referred to as ‘malignant seeding’ and is a typical complication in mesothelioma patients. When you go for regular check ups – your doctor will monitor treatment sites for example biopsy tracts, thoracentesis tracts, chest sites etc, which usually occurs later in the course of the disease, such as in the abdomen. – Symptoms normally consist of a sensation of fullness in that area, bloating, and a loss of appetite. The symptoms are commonly as a result of a build up of fluid in the abdomen.
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