Ziac is used to treat high blood pressure (Hypertension).
It is a combination medicine consisting of a beta-blocker (bisoprolol), plus a diuretic (hydrochlorothiazide) a diuretic. Beta-blockers slow down the force and rate of heart contractions, decreasing blood pressure levels. Simultaneously Diuretics aid the body in the producution and elimination of urine, which in turn assists in lowering blood pressure. This can be an effective medication for reducing the risk of Angina (chest pain) and the risk of recurrent heart attacks. In general terms – Ziac works by slowing down the heart rate and relaxing blood vessels so that the heart does not have to pump as hard.
Who should I use Ziac Medication?
Ziac may be used by patients under the care and supervision of a physician, for the treatment of heart related conditions, such as High Blood Pressure and Angina. It’s overall effectiveness is to treat and reduce the symptoms of:
- high blood pressure
- risk of heart attack
- chest pains
It should be understood that Ziac is not a cure for the above conditions but is a beneficial drug in the control and treatment of high blood pressure. Ziac may also be prescribed for purposes other than those listed in this medication review.
Ziac dosage instructions:
Ziac must be taken strictly according to the prescription.
Dosage is tailored to each individual’s needs. The usual starting dose is 2.5 milligrams of bisoprolol with 6.25 milligrams of hydrochlorothiazide once a day. This may be incrementally increased every 14 days up to a maximum of 20 milligrams bisoprolol/12.5 milligrams hydrochlorothiazide once a day.
Additionally, you should take each dose with a glass of water in the morning to avoid the potential for urination during the night. If you miss a dose take it as soon as possible but not too close to the next dose. If it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing routine. Do not take two doses at once. You should not stop taking Ziac even if you feel that your condition has improved. Only your doctor can decide when it is right to discontinue using Ziac.
Ziac side effects
As with any drug, the potential side effects should be placed in perspective with the beneficial results to be gained from using the medication. Specific side effects cannot be anticipated, but if any develop or change in severity, you inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine whether it is safe for you to continue taking Ziac.
Common side effects may include dizziness and fatigue. Additional side effects have been reported with Ziac, although it is unknown if the drug was the cause. Be sure to tell your doctor about any unusual or severe symptoms.
Ziac may cause dizziness or difficulty in attention. Avoid driving or the operation of heavy machinery while taking this medication. Ziac reduces blood sugar level. If you are a diabetic, you should consult a doctor prior to using this medication.
Inform any doctor prior to surgery that you take Ziac, as this medication can interact with drugs commonly used during surgery. Avoid alcohol while taking this medication. Other medications, when taken with Ziac, may either decrease, alter, or cause serious side effects. Consult a doctor before taking other medications while using Ziac. Consult a doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant before beginning this medication. Nursing women should consult a doctor. It is not known if this medication passes through the mother through breast milk. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight as eye sensitivity may result while taking this medication. Avoid dieting while taking this medication.
When Ziac is not to be prescribed:
There are a number of existing medical conditions, which may make it inadvisable to use Ziac. These include:-
- slow heartbeat
- difficulties in urination
- bronchial asthma
- allergic reaction to one of the components in Ziac
- conditions, coronary artery disease
- peripheral vascular disease
- kidney or liver disease
- Overdose Instructions
Any medication which is taken in amounts greater than the prescribed dosage can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Ziac, seek medical attention immediately. Symptoms of Ziac overdose may include:-
Abnormal skin sensations, cramps in the calf muscle, congestive heart failure (marked by sudden weight gain, swelling of the legs,feet, and ankles, fatigue, and shortness of breath), confusion, decreased or increased urination, difficult or labored breathing, dizziness, drowsiness, fluid or electrolyte loss, impaired consciousness, low blood pressure, low blood sugar, nausea, shock, slow or rapid heartbeat, thirst, vomiting, weakness.